Wondering whether your fuel pressure regulator has gone bad? We will help you to remove your confusion. Here you will get to know 7 bad GM TBI fuel pressure regulator symptoms. If these symptoms match your car’s condition, then don’t worry at all.
Because in this article, we have also discussed how you can replace a faulty GM TBI fuel pressure regulator in 5 simple steps. So without any further delay, let’s get started.
Table of Contents
- Bad GM TBI Fuel Pressure Regulator Symptoms
- 5 Steps To Replace Bad GM TBI Fuel Pressure Regulator
- How Much Fuel Pressure Does A TBI Need?
- What Happens If Fuel Pressure Is Too High?
- What Happens When You Unplug Fuel Pressure Regulator?
- Will A Car Run With A Bad Fuel Pressure Regulator?
- Can A Car Run Without A Fuel Pressure Regulator?
Bad GM TBI Fuel Pressure Regulator Symptoms
GM TBI fuel pressure regulator can go bad for many reasons. Whatever the cause may be, you have to properly identify the problem. Otherwise, your vehicle can be severely damaged. Here are 7 symptoms of a bad GM TBI fuel pressure regulator.
1. Bad Acceleration
An early sign of a bad GM TBI fuel pressure regulator is bad acceleration. When fuel pressure regulators go bad, it reduces the efficiency of the main engine. As a result, you will get poor mileage. Such fuel mileage leads to poor acceleration.
2. Black Smoke Generation
A bad fuel pressure regulator can cause your car engine to burn more fuel than usual. When excessive fuels burn off, it generates black smoke through the tailpipe.
So if you see that black smoke is coming from your car’s tailpipe, it’s time for you to check the fuel pressure regulator.
3. Black Spark Plugs
A faulty fuel pressure regulator can disable the fuel/air mix inside the combustion chamber. As a result, the spark plugs tips get covered in a black powdery substance.
So if you are guessing that the fuel pressure regulator of your GM TBI has gone bad, look at the spark plugs. It can tell you a lot.
4. Engine Backfire
As we discussed earlier, engines burn more fuel than usual when the fuel pressure regulator has gone bad. Too much fuel consumption can cause your engine to backfire. In addition, you may even notice your engine hesitating before reducing speed.
5. Engine Not Starting
This is probably the most apparent bad GM TBI fuel pressure regulator symptom. The fuel pressure regulator is responsible for providing fuel to your engine.
You already know that a bad fuel pressure regulator can pass too much fuel to the engine. In this same way, a bad fuel pressure regulator can prevent the flow of fuel as well. Because of this, engines don’t get enough fuel to run properly.
Though your engine may initially start, it will surely fail in a while, if the fuel pressure regulator is faulty.
6. Fuel Pump Noises
Well, fuel pumps do make noises in general. This does not mean that the fuel pressure regulator has gone bad.
However, you should be worried once the fuel pump noise reaches the level where it becomes annoying. A faulty fuel pressure regulator makes whirring sounds while the car is accelerating, or towing a trailer. So keep an “ear” out for this type of sign.
7. Fuel Dripping Out Of The Tailpipe
If you notice an oil stain under your car’s tailpipe, it can indicate a faulty fuel pressure regulator. This condition means your fuel pressure regulator got damaged or has leakage.
Look out for such fuel leakage, because it can result in engine inefficiency as well. Basically, these are the main symptoms of your car that can tell whether your GM TBI fuel pressure regulator has gone bad.
5 Steps To Replace Bad GM TBI Fuel Pressure Regulator
Bad GM TBI fuel pressure regulator replacement is expensive. It can cost you up to $1500. However, you can get this job done within $300.
If you want to save money, then keep on reading. Here, we will show you how to replace bad GM TBI fuel pressure regulator by yourself and that too in 5 simple steps. Here’s what you have to do:
Step 1: Find The Fuel Pressure Regulator
Your first task would be to find out the TBI fuel pressure regulator location. Disconnect the negative battery cable first and relieve the pressure in the fuel system. You need to remove the fuel pump relay and the fuel cap to do this.
After taking care of the fuel pump, start your car and run it for a little while. Now clean the path to access the fuel pump regulator. To reach the fuel pump regulator, you have to:
- Remove the main harness electrical controls
- Remove the harness
- Disconnect the engine coolant temperature electrical connector
- Disconnect the barometric pressure sensor electrical connector
- Disconnect the glow plugs
- Disconnect the fuel rail temperature sensor connector
- Remove the left fuel injector electrical connectors
- Remove the fuel pressure regulator connector
- Remove the oil level sensor harness
- Remove the PVC hose
- Remove the injection pump inlet hose
You will find the regulator after detaching all these parts accordingly.
Step 2: Cleaning The Area
Don’t remove the regular just yet. You have to clean the area first. Use a solvent to do the cleaning. You have to clean:
- The regulator itself
- Any connectors that are around
- The high-pressure injection pump
- Lines coming from the regulator
- Lines going to the regulator
After using a solvent to clean all these parts, use compressed air to dry the area.
Step 3: Removing The Regulator
Now comes the part where you need to clean the regulator. Your regulator is possibly held on by regular bolts. It can have TORX screws as well. There can be three or four bolts and screws attached to the regulator.
Remove all of them using the appropriate tool. Place a clean rag over the pump bore to soak up excessive oil. It will make the unscrewing process easier. The regulator should come off once you have unscrewed all the bolts and screws.
Step 4: Installing The New Regulator
Purchase the appropriate regulator and an O-ring. Firstly, lubricate the O-rings with engine oil. Now, install the new O-ring along with the new fuel pressure regulator.
Replace the screws and bolts while you are attaching the new fuel pressure regulator.
Step 5: Finishing UP
After you have properly attached the fuel pressure regulator, reverse the process of step 1. This way your fuel pressure regulator will be perfectly set in its proper place.
Now take your car on a test drive. If everything runs smoothly then congratulation, you have successfully replaced a bad GM TBI fuel pressure regulator.
It is important to take adequate steps as soon as you notice the mentioned GM TBI fuel pressure regulator symptoms. But, taking your car to a repair shop will cost a lot.
This is why follow the replacement method we discussed here and save cash while keeping your car up and running. If you have any questions, you can leave them in the comment section below.
How Much Fuel Pressure Does A TBI Need?
A fuel pressure regulator is set for 12 psi. However, 9 psi fuel pressure is adequate for a TBI.
What Happens If Fuel Pressure Is Too High?
These are the things that can happen if the fuel pressure gets too high:
- Over fueling the engine
- Rough running engine
- Poor fuel mileage
- Black smoke
What Happens When You Unplug Fuel Pressure Regulator?
Unless the regulator is leaking, the fuel pressure will rise, if you unplug the fuel pressure regulator.
Will A Car Run With A Bad Fuel Pressure Regulator?
A bad fuel pressure regulator can either provide too much fuel to the engine or completely prevent the flow of fuel into the engine. This is why your can may or may not run with a bad fuel pressure regulator. But the bottom line is, you should not drive a car with a faulty fuel pressure regulator.
Can A Car Run Without A Fuel Pressure Regulator?
No, a car won’t run, if it doesn’t have a fuel pressure regulator. If there is no fuel pressure regulator, the fuel will directly go to the car’s system. It won’t ever reach the injectors.
Once the fuel tank pass-through is completely blocked, there will be too much fuel pressure forced into the fuel injector.
The injector will fail due to too much pressure. As a result, the car engine won’t start.
About John M
John contributed as a technical head at an automobile company just 2 years after his post-graduation in Automobile Engineering. He loves to lead a free life, so he left his job & started blogging. Now, he does research on every automotive problem, part & product and seeks a better solution & best products & shares his findings with his readers to help them as well as to minimize their struggle.